circuit court n: a court that sits in more than one place in a judicial district: as
a : a state court usually with original jurisdiction and sometimes with appellate jurisdiction
b : any of the federal courts of appeals not used technically ; see also the Judicial System in the back matter NOTE: Before 1948, the U.S. Courts of Appeals were known as Circuit Courts of Appeals.
Source: Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©1996. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.