error n: an act that through ignorance, deficiency, or accident departs from or fails to achieve what should be done [procedural s ]
: a mistake made by a lower court in conducting judicial proceedings or making findings in a case [to compel to conclusion that a manifest has been done "Moses v. Burgin , 445 F.2d 369 (1971)"] often used without an article [had been to give the jury special interrogatories "K. A. Cohen"]; see also assignment of error , clearly erroneous NOTE: Generally a party must object to an error at trial in order to raise it as an issue on appeal.
: an error made by a judge in his or her findings of fact which is such that it leaves the reviewing court with the firm and definite conviction that a mistake has been made NOTE: A clear error may or may not warrant reversal.
: plain error in this entry used esp. in criminal cases
: an error that does not affect a substantial right or change the outcome of a trial and does not warrant reversal or other modification of the lower court's decision on appeal
: an error resulting from a party's own request for or encouragement of an action by the court NOTE: A party may not seek relief based on invited error that he or she has induced.
: an error that is obvious and indisputable and that warrants reversal on appeal
: an obvious and prejudicial error that affects the substantial rights of the parties and that results or probably results in a miscarriage of justice NOTE: Plain error warrants reversal on appeal even in the absence of objection to the error at trial.
: an error that affects or presumptively affects the outcome of a trial
: a substantial and prejudicial error warranting reversal on appeal
Source: Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©1996. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.