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Civil Rights Law Glossary

Trying to decipher an acronym? Attempting to understand legal jargon? The Civil Rights Law glossary gives you access to definitions for the Civil Rights legal terminology commonly used in documents and court proceedings. This Civil Rights Law glossary will help you understand the legal terms and phrases which are relevant to your rights, discrimination, and harassment and other areas of Civil Rights law.

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Civil Rights Law Glossary

  • Affirmative Action
    : an active effort (as through legislation) to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups or women
  • Ag
    Short for "Attorney General," usually referring to the U.S. Attorney General. The AG often becomes involved in civil rights and discrimination claims, as in some situations the U.S. Attorney General's ...
  • Age Discrimination In Employment Act
    Federal legislation prohibiting unfair and discriminatory treatment in employment on the basis of age. The Act generally covers individuals at least 40 years of age. (29 U.S.C. Sec. 621)
  • Civil Right
    : civil liberty ;esp : any of the civil liberties guaranteed by the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and by the Civil Rights Acts usually used in pl. see also Civil Rights Act of ...
  • Civil Rights
    Civil rights are the rights of individuals to be free from unfair or unequal treatment (discrimination) in a number of settings, when that negative treatment is based on the individual's race, gender, ...
  • Civil Rights Act
    Federal statutes enacted after the Civil War, intended to implement and give further force to basic personal rights guaranteed by the Constitution. Such Acts prohibit discrimination based on race, ...
  • Civil Rights Act Of 1964
    A federal law that prohibits discrimination in a number of settings: Title I prohibits discrimination in voting; Title II: public accommodations; Title III: Public Facilities; Title IV: Public ...
  • Civil Rights Movement
    Historically, the term "Civil Rights Movement" has referred to efforts toward achieving true equality for African-Americans in all facets of society, but today the term "civil rights movement " is ...
  • Criminal Civil Rights Violation
    A criminal civil rights violation requires that the offender use force or the threat of force against the victim. An assault that is committed because of the victim's race or sexual orientation (i.e. ...
  • Discrimination
    Unfair treatment or denial of normal privileges to persons because of their race, age, sex, nationality or religion.
  • Disparate Treatment
    : treatment of an individual (as an employee or prospective juror) that is less favorable than treatment of others for discriminatory reasons (as race, religion, national origin, sex, or disability) ...
  • Equal Pay Act
    Federal law which mandates the same pay for all persons who do the same work without regard to sex, age, etc. For work to be equal within meaning of Act, it is not necessary that jobs be identical ...
  • Equal Protection Clause
    often cap E&P&C : the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
  • Hate Crime
    : a crime that violates the victim's civil rights and that is motivated by hostility to the victim's race, religion, creed, national origin, sexual orientation, or gender
  • Immunity
    pl: -ties [Latin immunitas, from immunis exempt from public service, exempt, from in- non- + -munis (from munia services)] 1 : exemption from a duty or liability that is granted by law to a person or ...
  • Protected Class
    : a group of people intended by a legislature to benefit from the protection of a statute ;also : suspect class
  • Same-Sex Marriage
    The right of two people of the same sex to legally marry, and to enjoy the legal benefits conferred by marriage. Same-sex marriage has become a topical issue in the arena of civil rights.
  • Segregation
    1 : separation of individuals or groups and esp. racial groups compare desegregation de facto segregation : segregation of racial groups that arises as a result of economic, social, or other ...
  • Title Vii
    Part of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 that prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of age, color, national origin, race, religion, or sex