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: to prevent or exclude by necessary consequence [the requirement of a marriage ceremony s the creation of common-law marriages in this jurisdiction]: as
a : to prevent (a party) from litigating an action or claim esp. by collateral estoppel or res judicata [they are precluded only because they failed to assert…the grounds for recovery they now assert "Roach v. Teamsters Local Union No. 688, 595 F.2d 446 (1979)"]
b : to prevent (a claim or action) from being litigated esp. by collateral estoppel or res judicata [the Civil Service Reform Act provides the exclusive address for adverse federal employment actions and thus s claims brought under the Tort Claims Act "National Law Journal"]
Source: Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law ©1996. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.