the process or fact of recouping [ of expenses] 2 a :
a keeping back of all or part of a sum sought by a plaintiff in the interest of equity see also equitable recoupment b :
a reduction in damages because of a demand by the defendant arising out of the same occurrence or transaction c :
the right of a defendant to have the claim of the plaintiff reduced or eliminated by reason of a breach of contract or duty by the plaintiff in the same occurrence or transaction ;also :
an affirmative defense alleging such a breach d :
a counterclaim that arises out of the same occurrence or transaction as that of the original action compare set-off NOTE: Recoupment involves the type of claim that now must be asserted in a compulsory counterclaim.