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FindLaw Legal Dictionary

The FindLaw Legal Dictionary -- free access to over 8260 definitions of legal terms. Search for a definition or browse our legal glossaries.

[D]

D
1 district 2 defendant
D Reorganization
see reorganization
D'oench Doctrine
[from D'Oench, Duhme & Co., Inc. v. Federal Deposit Insurance Company, 315 U.S. 447 (1942), the Supreme Court case establishing the doctrine] : a doctrine in banking law: a party (as a borrower ...
D.B.N.
de bonis non
D.C.
district court
D/B/A
doing business as
DB & C
dwelling, buildings, and contents
Da
1 deposit account 2 district attorney
Damage
[Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine] 1 : loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation 2 pl : the money awarded to a party in a civil ...
Damages
money that a defendant pays a plaintiff in a civil case that the plaintiff has won, to compensate the plaintiff for loss or injury.
Damnum Absque Injuria
: a loss for which the law provides no means of recovery compare injuria absque damno
Dangerous
1 : creating a risk of bodily injury [a condition of a public building] 2 : able or likely to inflict esp. serious bodily injury [a criminal with no regard for human life] [a animal] ;also : deadly ...
Dangerous Instrument
: an object capable of causing bodily injury either because of an inherent quality or because of the manner in which it is used called also dangerous instrumentality NOTE: An object is more likely to ...
Dangerous Weapon
: an object that when used as an instrument of offense is capable of causing serious bodily injury compare deadly weapon
Data Mining
As the term suggests, data mining is the analysis of data to establish relationships and identify patterns. 
Date Of Record
:record date
Dation En Paiement
in the civil law of Louisiana : a mode of discharging a debt by the debtor's giving to the creditor with the creditor's consent something that satisfies the debt but differs from the form of payment ...
Dative
[Medieval Latin dativus subject to appointment, from Latin, assigned (of a guardian), from datus, past participle of dare to give] in the civil law of Louisiana 1 : appointed by a judge 2 : ...
Day In Court
:a day or opportunity to appear in a legal proceeding to be heard or to assert one's rights
Days Of Grace
:grace period
De Bene Esse
[Medieval Latin, literally, of well-being (i.e., morally acceptable, but subject to legal validation)] : subject to future exception : conditional provisional [depositions de bene esse]
De Bonis Non
[short for de bonis non administratis, from Medieval Latin, of the goods not administered (by the executor)] : concerning the goods of a decedent that are not yet administered see also administrator ...
De Facto
[Medieval Latin, literally, from the fact] : in reality : actually [these two constraints have been lifted, one de facto and one de jure "Susan Lee"]
De Facto Merger
see merger
De Facto Segregation
see segregation
De Jure
[Medieval Latin, literally, from the law] 1 : by right : of right [a de jure officer] 2 : in accordance with law see also de jure segregation at segregation compare de facto
De Jure Segregation
see segregation
De Minimis
[New Latin, concerning trifles] : lacking significance or importance : so minor as to be disregarded compare substantial NOTE: An action may be dismissed if the claim or cause is considered de ...
De Minimis Non Curat Lex
[New Latin, the law does not concern itself with trifles] : the principle that the law is not concerned with insignificant or minor matters
De Novo
[Medieval Latin, literally, from (the) new] : over again : as if for the first time: as a : allowing independent appellate determination of issues (as of fact or law) [a de novo review] b : ...
De-Immobilize
-ized -iz·ing : to free from immobilization ;specif : to return (a component part of immovable property) to the status of movable property (as by detachment or removal) ...
Dea
Drug Enforcement Administration see also the Important Agencies section
Dead Hand
: mortmain
Dead Man's Statute
: a law barring the testimony of a person with an interest in an estate regarding any conversation with or any event taking place in the presence of the decedent called also dead man act dead man's ...
Deadlock
: a state of inaction resulting from the opposition of equally powerful uncompromising persons or factions: as a : the state of a jury unable to agree on a verdict see also allen charge b : impasse ...
Deadlocked Jury
a jury that is unable to agree upon a verdict. A deadlocked jury results in a mistrial.
Deadly
dead·li·er -est : likely to cause or capable of causing death ;also : dangerous NOTE: Deadly and dangerous are sometimes used interchangeably, esp. in connection with weapons or ...
Deadly Force
see force
Deadly Weapon
: an object whose purpose is to cause death or that when used as an instrument of offense is capable of causing death or sometimes serious bodily harm compare dangerous weapon NOTE: An unloaded ...
Deal
dealt deal·ing vt : to carry on the business of buying or esp. selling (something) [ing drugs] vi 1 : to engage in bargaining 2 : to sell or distribute something as a business or for money ...
Dealer
: one that deals ;specif : a person or entity that buys and sells securities for his or her or its own account and not for others compare broker
Death
: a permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions : the end of life see also brain death, civil death NOTE: Death is usually defined by statute and for purposes of criminal homicide has been ...
Death Benefit
: money payable to the beneficiary of a deceased as a benefit (as under a policy of life or accident insurance or a pension plan) NOTE: The right to death benefits is generally terminated in cases of ...
Death Certificate
: a document setting forth information (as age, occupation, and place of birth) relating to a dead person and including a doctor's certification of the cause of death NOTE: Death certificates are ...
Death Knell Exception
: a rule of procedure allowing immediate review of an interlocutory order when denial of review would result in irreparable injury
Death Penalty
: death as punishment for a crime called also capital punishment see also cruel and unusual punishment Gregg v. Georgia in the Important Cases section NOTE: The U.S. Supreme Court has held that the ...
Death Qualification
: the process of excluding a juror from the jury of a case in which the death penalty may be imposed on the grounds that the juror's objection to the death penalty would prevent him or her from ...
Death Row
: a prison area housing inmates sentenced to death death row adj
Death Sentence
see sentence
Death Tax
: a tax assessed on the transfer of property (as an estate, inheritance, legacy, or succession) after the transferor's death compare estate tax, generation-skipping transfer tax, gift tax
Death Warrant
see warrant
Debar
de·barred de·bar·ring : to bar from having or doing something ;specif : to exclude from contracting with the federal government or a federal contractor [was debarred from bidding] ...
Debenture
[Anglo-French debentour and Medieval Latin debentura, perhaps from Latin debentur they are owed] : an unsecured bond that is backed by the issuer's general credit rather than a specific lien called ...
Debenture Bond
see bond
Debt
[Old French dette, ultimately from Latin debita, plural of debitum debt, from neuter of debitus, past participle of debere to owe] 1 : something owed: as a : a specific sum of money or a performance ...
Debt Adjustment
: the arrangements made for the repayment or satisfaction of debts in an amount or manner that differs from the original arrangements esp. in accordance with a bankruptcy plan under chapter 13 of the ...
Debt Capital
see capital
Debt Financing
The use of borrowed money to finance a business
Debt Security
see security
Debt Service
: the amount of interest and principal payments due annually on long-term debt
Debt-To-Income Ratio
a comparison or ratio of gross income to housing and non-housing expenses; With the FHA, the-monthly mortgage payment should be no more than 29% of monthly gross income (before taxes) and the mortgage ...
Debtor
: a person who owes a debt see also bankrupt compare creditor, obligee, obligor NOTE: The Bankruptcy Act of 1978 calls the person concerned in a bankruptcy case the “debtor” as opposed to ...
Debtor Education
see credit counseling
Debtor In Possession
:a debtor who remains in possession of an estate during chapter 11 or 12 bankruptcy and has the same duties as a trustee in bankruptcy
Debtor's Estate
: bankruptcy estate at estate
Decedent
[Latin decedent- decedens, present participle of decedere to depart, die] : a deceased person [the estate of the ]
Deceit
: deliberate and misleading concealment, false declaration, or artifice : deception [theft by ] ;also : the tort of committing or carrying out deceit [an action for ] see also fraud, ...
Deceive
de·ceived de·ceiv·ing vt : to cause to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid vi : to practice deceit compare defraud, mislead
Deception
1 : an act of deceiving 2 : something that deceives : deceit
Deceptive
: tending or having capacity to deceive [ trade practices] compare fraudulent, misleading
Decertify
-fied -fy·ing : to withdraw or revoke the certification of [decertified the class action suit] ;esp : to withdraw the certification of (a labor union) as a collective bargaining agent ...
Decide
de·cid·ed de·cid·ing vt : to determine (as a case or issue) by making a decision (as a final judgment) : adjudicate compare find, hold vi : to make a decision
Decision
: an authoritative determination (as a decree or judgment) made after consideration of facts or law ;also : a report or document containing such a determination see also memorandum decision compare ...
Decisional Law
: case law
Declarant
: a person who makes a statement or declaration
Declaration
1 : the act of declaring [ of dividends] [ of war] 2 a : the first pleading in a common-law action compare complaint, indictment b : a statement usually not under oath made by a party to a legal ...
Declaration Of Condominium
see declaration
Declaration Of Homestead
see declaration
Declaration Of Trust
see declaration
Declaratory
: serving to declare, set forth, or explain: as a : declaring what is the existing law b : declaring a legal right or interpretation [ relief] see also declaratory judgment at judgment
Declaratory Judgment
see judgment
Declare
de·clared de·clar·ing 1 : to make known formally, officially, or explicitly [declaring who shall then act as President "U.S. Constitution amend. XX"] 2 a : to make a full statement of ...
Decree
[Old French decré, from Latin decretum, from neuter of decretus, past participle of decernere to decide] 1 : an order having the force of law [by judicial ] 2 : a judicial decision esp. in an ...
Decree Nisi
see decree
Decree Pro Confesso
see decree
Decriminalize
-ized -iz·ing : to remove or reduce the criminal classification or status of de·crim·i·nal·iza·tion [dē-kri-mən-l-ə-zā-shən] n
Dedication
: a giving up of property to public use that precludes the owner from asserting any further interest in it: as a : an intentional donation of land for public use that is accepted by the proper ...
Deduct
: to take away (an amount) from a total ;specif : to take as a deduction [must be capitalized…rather than immediately ed "D. Q. Posin"] compare amortize
Deductible
: allowable as a deduction de·duc·ti·bil·i·ty [-dək-tə-bi-lə-tē] n
Deduction
1 : an amount allowed by tax laws to be subtracted from income in order to decrease the amount of income tax due see also Internal Revenue Code in the Important Laws section compare credit, ...
Deed
1 : something done : act [my free act and ] 2 : a written instrument by which a person transfers ownership of real property to another see also deliver, grantee, grantor, recording act, registry, ...
Deed Of Trust
see deed
Deed-In-Lieu
to avoid foreclosure ("in lieu" of foreclosure), a deed is given to the lender to fulfill the obligation to repay the debt; this process does not allow the borrower to remain in the house but helps ...
Deep Pocket
1 : a person or organization having substantial financial resources esp. for the purpose of paying damages 2 pl : substantial financial resources
Deep Rock Doctrine
[from Deep Rock, a debtor corporation found to have been used for fraudulent transfers to its parent corporation in the Supreme Court case Taylor v. Standard Gas and Electric Co. (Deep Rock), 306 ...
Def.
defendant
Deface
de·faced de·fac·ing : to destroy or mar the face or surface of de·face·ment n de·fac·er n
Defalcate
-cat·ed -cat·ing : to commit defalcation compare embezzle de·fal·ca·tor [-kā-tər] n
Defalcation
[earlier, deduction, lessening, shortcoming, from Medieval Latin defalcatio discounting of debt, from defalcare to cut down, deduct, from Latin de- away from + falc-, falx sickle] 1 : failure to ...
Defamation
1 : communication to third parties of false statements about a person that injure the reputation of or deter others from associating with that person see also libel, slander New York Times Co. v. ...
Defamation Of Title
:slander of title
Defamatory
: tending to disgrace or lower public opinion of a person or to harm a person's reputation
Defame
de·famed de·fam·ing [Medieval Latin defamare, alteration of Latin diffamare to spread news of, defame, from dis-, prefix marking dispersal or removal + fama reputation] : to make the ...
Default
[Anglo-French defalte defaute lack, fault, failure to answer a summons, from defaillir to be lacking, fail, from de-, intensive prefix + faillir to fail] 1 : failure to do something required by duty ...
Default Judgment
see judgment
Defeasance
[Anglo-French defesance, literally, undoing, destruction, from Old French deffesant, present participle of deffaire to destroy, undo see defeat ] 1 a : a condition (as in a deed or will) that upon ...
Defeasible
: subject to or capable of being annulled or made void [a interest] [his rights are not by agreement "J. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo"]
Defeasible Fee
see fee
Defeat
[Anglo-French defait, past participle of defaire to undo, defeat, from Old French deffaire desfaire, from de-, prefix marking reversal of action + faire to do] 1 a : to render null [third parties ...
Defect
: something or a lack of something that results in incompleteness, inadequacy, or imperfection: as a : a flaw in something (as a product) esp. that creates an unreasonable risk of harm in its normal ...
Defend
1 : to drive danger or attack away from [using a weapon to oneself] 2 : to act as attorney for (a defendant) [appointed to the accused] 3 : to deny or oppose the rights of a plaintiff in regard to ...
Defendant
Learn the legal definition of defendant on FindLaw.com.
Defender
: a lawyer who represents defendants ;esp : public defender
Defense
1 : the act or action of defending see also self-defense 2 a : the theory or ground that forms the basis for a defendant's opposition to an allegation in a complaint or to a charge in a charging ...
Defense Bar
: the segment of the bar in a given area that consists of lawyers who primarily represent defendants [the New York criminal defense bar]
Defensive
1 : serving to defend or as part of a defense [a pleading] 2 : devoted to resisting or preventing aggressive actions [a recapitalization…to escape a takeover attempt "Barbara Franklin"] ...
Deferred
: withheld or delayed for or until a stated time [a payment] [ prosecution]
Deferred Annuity
see annuity
Deferred Compensation
: current compensation (as wages or salary) deferred until a later time usually for the purpose of investment (as in a retirement plan)
Deferred Income
: current income forgone to produce a later higher income (as at retirement)
Deferred Inspection
See Parolee.
Deficiency
pl: -cies : an amount that is lacking or inadequate: as a : the difference between the amount of tax owed and the amount of tax paid b : the difference between the amount owed under a security ...
Deficiency Judgment
see judgment
Defile
de·filed de·fil·ing : to dishonor by physical acts (as trampling, dirtying, or mutilating) [defiling the flag] de·file·ment n de·fil·er n
Defined Benefit Plan
: a pension plan in which the amount of benefits paid to an employee after retirement is fixed in advance in accordance with a formula given in the plan
Defined Contribution Plan
: a pension plan in which the amount of the contributions made by the employer is fixed in advance and earnings are distributed proportionately
Definite Failure Of Issue
see failure of issue
Defraud
: to deprive of something by fraud de·fraud·er n
Degree
1 : a step in a direct line of descent or in the line of ascent to a common ancestor 2 a : a measure of the seriousness of a crime see also fifth degree, first degree, fourth degree, second degree, ...
Dehors
[Anglo-French, outside of] : out of (as an agreement, record, or will) : foreign to
Del Credere
[Italian, of belief, of trust] : relating to or guaranteeing performance or payment by third persons to a principal in connection with transactions entered into by an agent for the principal usually ...
Del Credere Agent
see agent
Delectus Personae
[Latin, choice of person] : the selection of a person satisfactory to oneself for a position (as of partner) involving trust and confidence in the other's character, capacities, or responsibility
Delegable
: capable of being delegated del·e·ga·bil·i·ty [de-lə-gə-bi-lə-tē] n
Delegant
: one that delegates
Delegate
[Medieval Latin delegatus, from Latin, past participle of delegare to appoint, put in charge] : a person empowered to act on behalf of another: as a : a person who is authorized to perform another's ...
Delegatee
: delegate
Delegation
1 : the act of delegating 2 : a group of persons chosen to represent others
Deliberate
-at·ed -at·ing vi : to think about and weigh or discuss issues and decisions carefully [the jury retired to ] vt : to think about or evaluate
Deliberate Homicide
see homicide
Deliberation
1 a : the act of deliberating compare premeditation b : a discussion and consideration by a group of persons (as a jury or legislature) of the reasons for or against a measure 2 : the quality or ...
Delict
[Latin delictum misdeed, offense, from neuter past participle of delinquere to commit (an offense), err] 1 in the civil law of Louisiana : offense ;esp : an offense other than breach of contract ...
Delinquency
pl: -cies 1 a : the quality or state of being delinquent b : juvenile delinquency [contributing to the of a minor] 2 : a debt on which payment is overdue [consumer loan delinquencies]
Delinquent
: a delinquent person ;esp : juvenile delinquent
Delist
: to remove from a list ;esp : to remove (a security) from the list of securities that may be traded on a particular exchange
Deliver
-ered -er·ing : to transfer possession of (property) to another : put into the possession or exclusive control of another [a deed must be ed to be effective "W. M. McGovern, Jr. et al."] see ...
Delivery
pl: -er·ies : an act that shows a transferor's intent to make a transfer of property (as a gift) ;esp : the transfer of possession or exclusive control of property to another actual delivery ...
Demand
1 : a formal request or call for something (as payment for a debt) esp. based on a right or made with force [a shareholder must first make a on the corporation's board of directors to act "R. C. ...
Demand Deposit
see deposit
Demand Loan
see loan
Demand Note
see note
Demeanor
: outward manner : way of conducting oneself NOTE: A jury may consider a witness's demeanor on the stand in determining the witness's credibility.
Demise
de·mised de·mis·ing : to convey (possession of property) by will or lease [the demised premises]
Democracy
pl: -cies 1 a : government by the people ;esp : rule of the majority b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a ...
Demonstrative Bequest
see bequest
Demonstrative Evidence
see evidence
Demur
de·murred de·mur·ring : to interpose a demurrer [ to the declaration] de·mur·ra·ble adj
Demurrer
[Anglo-French, from demurrer to file a demurrer, literally, to stay, dwell, delay, from Old French demorer, from Latin demorari to delay] : a plea in response to an allegation (as in a complaint or ...
Den
denied
Denial
1 : refusal to grant or allow something [ of due process] [ of a motion] 2 a : an assertion that an allegation is false b : a defense asserting that an opposing party's allegations are false ...
Deny
de·nied de·ny·ing 1 : to declare untrue [a party…shall admit or the averments "Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 8(b)"] compare avoid 2 : to refuse to grant [denied the ...
Department Of Homeland Security (Dhs)
DHS is comprised of three main organizations responsible for immigration policies, procedures, implementation and enforcement of U.S. laws, and more. These DHS organizations include U. S. Citizenship ...
Department Of Justice (Doj)
An executive department of the federal government, headed by the Attorney General. Seeks to enforce, investigate and detect violation of federal laws.
Department Of Labor
A cabinet level unit/ministry of United States Government that has responsibility for labor issues. It has responsibility for deciding whether certain foreign workers can work in the United States.
Departure Under Safeguards
The departure of an illegal alien from the United States which is physically observed by a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) official.
Depecage
[French dépeÇage dismemberment, from dépecer to carve up, analyze minutely] : a rule in conflicts of law: the laws of different states may be applied to different issues in the same ...
Dependency Deduction
see deduction
Dependency Exemption
see exemption
Dependent
1 : determined or conditioned by another : contingent 2 a : relying on another for esp. financial support b : lacking the necessary means of support or protection and in need of aid from others ...
Dependent Relative Revocation
: a doctrine holding that if the destruction, cancellation, or revocation of a will is dependent on the making of a new will which is not made or is found to be invalid then the original will is ...
Depletion
: the reduction of the value of the assets of a company engaged in removing natural resources (as by mining) because of the decrease over time of the natural resources (as coal) available in or on ...
Deponent
: a person who gives a deposition compare affiant, witness
Deport
: to send (an alien) out of a country by order of deportation compare exclude de·port·able adj
Deportable Alien
An alien in and admitted to the United States subject to any grounds of removal specified in the Immigration and Nationality Act. This includes any alien illegally in the United States, regardless of ...
Deportation
: an act or instance of deporting ;specif : the removal from a country of an alien whose presence is illegal or detrimental to the public welfare compare exclusion
Deportee
: a person who has been deported or is under an order of deportation
Depose
de·posed de·pos·ing vt 1 : to testify to under oath or by sworn affidavit 2 : to take testimony from esp. by deposition [plaintiffs…were entitled to experts retained by the ...
Deposit
1 : to place for safekeeping or as security [may the property with the court] ;esp : to put in a bank account 2 in the civil law of Louisiana : to place (movable property) under a deposit [the ...
Deposit (Earnest Money)
money put down by a potential buyer to show that they are serious about purchasing the home; it becomes part of the down payment if the offer is accepted, is returned if the offer is rejected, or is ...
Depositary
pl: -tar·ies : an individual or entity (as a business organization) that holds a deposit [the ought to restore the precise object which he received "Louisiana Civil Code"] ;also : depository
Depositary Bank
see bank
Deposition
[Late Latin depositio testimony, from Latin, act of depositing, from deponere to put down, deposit] 1 a : a statement that is made under oath by a party or witness (as an expert) in response to oral ...
Depository
pl: -ries 1 : a place where something is deposited esp. for safekeeping [night ] ;specif : a bank chosen for the depositing of government funds 2 : depositary
Depository Bond
see bond
Depraved
: marked by moral corruption or perversion as shown by a capacity for extreme and wanton physical cruelty [the state of mind of the murderer] [the nature of the crime]
Depravity
pl: -ties 1 : the quality or state of being depraved 2 : a corrupt act or practice
Depreciable
: capable of being depreciated [ property]
Depreciate
-at·ed -at·ing vt : to subject to depreciation : lower the value of vi : to fall in value compare appreciate
Depreciation
1 : any decrease in the value of property (as machinery) for the purpose of taxation that cannot be offset by current repairs and is carried on company books as a yearly charge amortizing the ...
Deprive
de·prived de·priv·ing : to take away or withhold something from [no person shall…be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law "U.S. Constitution amend. ...
Deprived
: marked by deprivation esp. of the necessities of life or care in a healthful environment [a child]
Deputize
-tized -tiz·ing vt : to appoint as deputy vi : to act as deputy
Deputy
pl: -ties [Middle French deputé person appointed to exercise authority, from past participle of deputer to appoint, depute] 1 : a person appointed as a substitute with power to act 2 : a second ...
Deputy Sheriff
: an assistant appointed to take on some of the duties of a sheriff
Dereliction
1 a : an intentional abandonment b : a state of being abandoned 2 : a recession of water leaving permanently dry land 3 : an intentional or conscious neglect [ of duty]
Derivative
: a contract or security that derives its value from that of an underlying asset (as another security) or from the value of a rate (as of interest or currency exchange) or index of asset value (as a ...
Derivative Action
: a suit brought by a shareholder on behalf of a corporation or by a member on behalf of an association to assert a cause of action usually against an officer which the corporation or association has ...
Derivative Citizenship
Citizenship conveyed to children through the naturalization of parents or, under certain circumstances, to foreign
Derivative Contraband
see contraband
Derivative Evidence
see evidence
Derivative Status
Getting a status (visa) through another applicant, as provided under immigration law for certain visa categories. For example, the spouse and children of an exchange visitor (J Visa holder), would be ...
Derivative Suit
: derivative action
Derivative Work
: a piece of intellectual property that substantially derives from an underlying work NOTE: Use of a derivative work that is derived from an underlying copyrighted work is infringement if the ...
Derogation
[Latin derogatio partial abrogation of a law, from derogare to detract from the force of (a law)] : a taking away or detraction from something (as the force of a law) [the executive was without power ...
Descend
: to pass by inheritance de·scen·di·bil·i·ty [-sen-də-bi-lə-tē] n de·scend·ible [-sen-də-bəl] adj
Descendant
also de·scen·dent [di-sen-dənt] n : a blood relative of a later generation
Descent
: transmission or devolution of the estate of a person who has died without a valid will compare distribution
Description
: a representation in words of the nature and characteristics of a thing: as a : a specification of the boundaries of a piece of land (as for a deed) b : an explanation of an invention in a patent ...
Descriptive Mark
: a trademark or service mark that conveys the idea of the qualities, characteristics, or effects of a product or service and that is protectable when it creates an association in the mind of the ...
Desegregate
-gat·ed -gat·ing : to eliminate segregation in ;specif : to free from any law, provision, or practice requiring isolation of the members of a particular race in separate units vi : to ...
Desegregation
1 : the action or an instance of desegregating 2 : the state of being desegregated
Desertion
: the forsaking of a person, post, or relationship: as a : permanent withdrawal from living with one's spouse without the spouse's consent and without cause or justification NOTE: Desertion is a ...
Design Code Search Manual
Lists the numerical codes for searching designs in the USPTO's trademark database.
Design Patent
: a patent that protects the appearance of a product against infringement
Designer Drug
: a synthetic version of a controlled substance (as heroin) that is produced with a slightly altered molecular structure to avoid having it classified as an illegal drug
Desire
de·sired de·sir·ing : to wish for earnestly see also precatory NOTE: Courts have variously interpreted desire in wills to indicate either a direction of the testator that must be ...
Destination Contract
see contract
Destructibility Of Contingent Remainders
:a now largely abolished rule in the law of estates that a contingent remainder that fails to vest upon the termination of the preceding estate is destroyed see also executory interest at interest
Desuetude
[Latin desuetudo disuse, from desuescere to lose the habit of] : a doctrine holding that a statute may be abrogated because of its long disuse
Detain
1 : to hold or keep in custody or possession [property wrongfully ed] [a juvenile ed in a care facility] 2 : to restrain from proceeding [ed the driver and asked to see his license]
Detainee
: a person who is detained ;esp : a person held in custody prior to trial or hearing
Detainer
[Anglo-French detenoure, from detenir to restrain, detain, from Old French, from Latin detinere] 1 : the act of keeping something in one's possession ;specif : unlawful detainer 2 : detention in ...
Detective
: a person engaged or employed in detecting lawbreakers or in getting information that is not readily or publicly accessible [a police ] [hired a private ]
Detention
1 : the act or fact of detaining or holding back ;esp : a holding in custody 2 : the state of being detained ;esp : a period of temporary custody prior to a trial or hearing see also preventive ...
Determinable
1 : capable of being determined, ascertained, or decided upon 2 : liable to be terminated upon the occurrence of a contingency
Determinable Easement
see easement
Determinate Sentence
see sentence
Determination
: a decision of a court or administrative agency regarding an issue, case, or claim
Determinative
: having the power or tendency to determine [a fact of the issue]
Determine
-mined -min·ing : to make a determination regarding
Deterrence
: the inhibition of criminal behavior by fear esp. of punishment
Detinet
[Medieval Latin, he/she withholds] : a common-law action alleging that the defendant is withholding money or items owed (as under a contract) compare detinuit
Detinue
[Anglo-French detenue, from feminine past participle of detenir to detain see detainer ] : a common-law action for the recovery of personal property belonging to the plaintiff that is wrongfully ...
Detinuit
[Medieval Latin, he/she withheld] : an action for replevin where the plaintiff already has the goods that are the subject of the suit compare detinet
Detriment
1 : injury loss ;also : the cause of an injury or loss 2 : a giving up of a thing or mode of conduct to which one is entitled that constitutes consideration for a contract called also legal ...
Devastavit
[Medieval Latin, he/she has spoiled (someone's property)] 1 : mismanagement or waste of the assets in the estate of a deceased person by the fiduciary in charge of the estate (as the executor) 2 : a ...
Devest
: divest
Devisavit Vel Non
[New Latin, (whether) he/she bequeaths or not] : a document that sets forth the questions of fact pertinent to the validity of an alleged will and is sent from a court of probate or chancery to a ...
Devise
de·vised de·vis·ing [Anglo-French deviser to divide, share, bequeath, ultimately from Latin dividere to divide] : to give (property) by will ;specif : to give (real property) by will ...
Devisee
: one to whom a devise of property is made compare heir, legatee, next of kin
Devolution
: the transfer (as of rights, powers, property, or responsibility) to another
Devolve
de·volved de·volv·ing [Medieval Latin devolvi, passive of devolvere to roll down, from Latin, from de down, away + volvere to roll] 1 : to pass by transfer or succession [the estate ...
Dfa
delayed funds availability
Dicker
dick·ered dick·er·ing : to seek to arrive at a workable and agreeable arrangement by negotiating and haggling
Dicta
pl of dictum
Dictum
pl: dic·ta [-tə] [Latin, utterance, from neuter of dictus, past participle of dicere to say] : a view expressed by a judge in an opinion on a point not necessarily arising from or involved ...
Dies Non
also dies non ju·rid·i·cus [-j-ri-di-kəs, -y-rē-di-ks] n [New Latin dies non juridicus nonjuridical day] : a day when courts do not sit or carry on business
Digest
[Latin digesta, from neuter plural of digestus, past participle of digerere to disperse, arrange] : a compilation of legal rules, statutes, or decisions systematically arranged
Dilatory Plea
see plea
Diligence
: earnest and persistent application of effort esp. as required by law ;also : care see also due diligence
Dilute
di·lut·ed di·lut·ing : to cause dilution of
Dilution
1 : a lessening of real value (as of equity) by a decrease in relative worth ;specif : a decrease of the value per share of common stock caused by an increase in the total number of shares 2 : a ...
Diminished Capacity
1 : an abnormal mental condition that renders a person unable to form the specific intent necessary for the commission of a crime (as first-degree murder) but that does not amount to insanity called ...
Diminution
: the act, process, or an instance of making less [prohibiting the of a judge's compensation "U.S. Code"]
Diminution In Value
:a theory of property damages in which the measure of damages for the breach of a contract or lease is equal to the difference between the value of the property in the condition promised and the ...
Diplomatic Immunity
see immunity
Direct
1 : to order with authority [the testator ed that the car go to his niece] 2 : to order entry of (a verdict) without jury consideration [the court ed a verdict in favor of the defendant] 3 : to act ...
Direct Action
1 : an action in which the plaintiff sues a person's insurer without first obtaining a judgment against the insured or joining the insured 2 : a suit by a shareholder for an injury to himself or ...
Direct Appeal
1 : an appeal from an order of a three-judge court granting or denying an interlocutory or permanent injunction that may be taken directly to the U.S. Supreme Court under title 28 section 1253 of the ...
Direct Attack
see attack
Direct Beneficiary
see beneficiary
Direct Cause
see cause
Direct Contempt
see contempt
Direct Damages
see damage
Direct Estoppel
see estoppel
Direct Evidence
see evidence
Direct Examination
: the first examination of a witness by the party calling the witness compare cross-examination, redirect examination NOTE: Leading questions are not allowed on direct examination unless the witness ...
Direct Insurance
: an insurance contract in which the insurer agrees to pay the insured for a designated loss compare reinsurance
Direct Loss
see loss
Direct Review
: judicial review of a case obtained through ordinary appellate procedure rather than through a collateral attack
Direct Skip
: a generation-skipping transfer of an interest in property to a skip person : a transfer that is to a person two or more generations below the person making the transfer or to a trust in which all ...
Direct Tax
: a tax imposed on a taxpayer himself or herself or on his or her property compare excise
Directed Verdict
see verdict
Director
1 : the head of an organized group or administrative unit or agency 2 : any of a group of persons usually elected by shareholders and entrusted with the overall control of a corporation NOTE: ...
Director Of Law
:city attorney
Directorate
1 : a board of directors (as of a corporation) 2 : membership on a board of directors
Disability
pl: -ties 1 : inability to pursue an occupation because of a physical or mental impairment ;specif : inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a medically determinable ...
Disable
dis·abled dis·abl·ing 1 : to deprive of legal right, qualification, or capacity 2 : to make incapable or ineffective ;specif : to cause to have a disability dis·able·ment ...
Disabled
: having a disability
Disaffirm
: cancel rescind used esp. of a contract made by a minor dis·af·fir·mance [di-sə-fər-məns] n dis·af·fir·ma·tion ...
Disallow
1 : to deny the truth, force, or validity of [ed the deduction] [ a bankruptcy claim] 2 : to refuse to allow [ payment of benefits] dis·al·low·ance n
Disbar
: to expel from the bar or the legal profession : deprive (an attorney) of a license to practice law usually for engaging in unethical or illegal practices compare debar dis·bar·ment n
Discharge
1 : to release from an obligation: as a : to relieve of a duty under an instrument (as a contract or a negotiable instrument) ;also : to render (an instrument) no longer enforceable [a formal ...
Discharge Hearing
see hearing
Dischargeable Debt
A debt for which the Bankruptcy Code allows the debtor's personal liability to be eliminated.
Disciplinary Rule
: a rule that is set out in the ABA Model Code of Professional Responsibility and whose violation may result in disciplinary action against the violating lawyer compare ethical consideration
Disclaim
: to make a disclaimer vt 1 : to reject or relinquish a claim to (as an interest in an estate) 2 a : to deny or reject the right, validity, or authority of b : to negate or limit the rights under ...
Disclaimer
[Anglo-French desclamer, from desclamer to disavow, deny, from Old French des-, prefix marking reversal + clamer to claim see claim ] 1 : a refusal or disavowal of something that one has a right to ...
Disclose
: to make known or reveal to another or to the public
Disclosure
: an act or instance of disclosing: as a : a lender's revelation of information to a consumer under the Truth in Lending Act that enables the consumer to make an intelligent decision about the loan ...
Disclosure Statement
A written document prepared by a chapter 11 debtor or other plan proponent designed to provide "adequate information" to creditors to enable them to evaluate the chapter 11 plan of reorganization.
Disclosures
the release of relevant information about a property that may influence the final sale, especially if it represents defects or problems. "Full disclosure" usually refers to the responsibility of the ...
Discontinuance
1 : the usually voluntary termination of an action by a plaintiff by motion or by failure to pursue the claim 2 : the abandonment of a property or of a particular use of the property under the ...
Discount
: a reduction made from the gross amount or value of something: as a : a reduction made from a regular or list price or a proportionate deduction from a debt account usually made for prompt payment ...
Discount Bond
see bond
Discount Point
normally paid at closing and generally calculated to be equivalent to 1% of the total loan amount, discount points are paid to reduce the interest rate on a loan. In an ARM with an initial rate ...
Discount Rate
1 : the interest on an annual basis deducted in advance on a loan 2 : the interest levied by the Federal Reserve for advances and rediscounts
Discount Share
: a share of corporate stock issued at less than par value
Discountable
1 : set apart for discounting [within the period] 2 : subject to being discounted [a note]
Discover
1 : to find out about, recognize, or realize for the first time [when the victim s the fraud] see also discovery rule 2 a : to make the subject of discovery b : to learn of or obtain (information) ...
Discovered Peril
: last clear chance
Discovery
pl: -er·ies 1 : the act or process of discovering 2 : something discovered [applied for a patent for the ] 3 a : the methods used by parties to a civil or criminal action to obtain information ...
Discovery Immunity
see immunity
Discovery Policy
: claims made policy
Discovery Rule
: a rule in tort law: the statute of limitations for a cause of action does not begin to run until the time that the injured party discovers or reasonably should have discovered the injury
Discretion
: power of free decision or latitude of choice within certain bounds imposed by law [reached the age of ] [struck down death penalty provisions administered through unbridled jury "L. H. Tribe"]: as ...
Discretionary
: left to discretion : exercised at one's own discretion ;specif : relating to the policy-making function of a public official see also Federal Tort Claims Act in the Important Laws section compare ...
Discretionary Immunity
see immunity
Discriminate
-nat·ed -nat·ing : to make a difference in treatment or favor on a basis other than individual merit ;esp : to make a difference in treatment on a basis prohibited by law (as national ...
Discrimination
Unfair treatment or denial of normal privileges to persons because of their race, age, sex, nationality or religion.
Discriminatory
1 : applying discrimination in treatment 2 : having unlawful discrimination as an effect
Disenfranchise
-chised -chis·ing : disfranchise dis·en·fran·chise·ment n
Disentitle
: to deprive of title, claim, or right
Disfranchise
-chised -chis·ing : to deprive of a franchise, of a legal right, or of some privilege or immunity ;esp : to deprive of the right to vote
Disgorge
dis·gorged dis·gorg·ing : to give up (as illegally gained profits) on request, under pressure, or by court order esp. to prevent unjust enrichment [ordered a…salesman to about ...
Disguised Donation
see donation
Disherison
[Anglo-French dishereison desheriteson, from Old French deseriteison, from desheriter to disinherit, from des-, prefix marking reversal + heriter to inherit, from Late Latin hereditare] : the act of ...
Dishonor
: refusal on the part of the issuer (as a bank) to pay or accept commercial paper (as a check) when it is presented see also wrongful dishonor
Disinherison
[alteration (influenced by inherit) of disherison] in the civil law of Louisiana : disherison see also forced heir at heir NOTE: The Louisiana Civil Code sets out the situations in which ...
Disinherit
: to prevent deliberately from inheriting something (as by making a will) see also elective share dis·in·her·i·tance [-her-ə-təns] n
Disinterested
: free of any interest esp. of a pecuniary nature : impartial [a person to witness the will]
Disintermediation
[from the investor's bypassing of the intermediate institution] : the diversion of savings from accounts with low fixed interest rates to direct investment in high-yielding instruments
Disinvest
1 : to reduce or eliminate capital investment (as in an industry or area) 2 : to give up an investment [insiders force the noncontrolling shareholders to… "R. C. Clark"] vt : to cause to give ...
Disjunctive Allegation
: an allegation that is unclear in meaning because it includes the word or in charging the defendant with two or more wrongful acts NOTE: Disjunctive allegations are inadmissible.
Dismiss
1 : to remove from position or service [ed the employee] 2 : to bring about or order the dismissal of (an action) [the suit was ed] vi : to bring about or order a dismissal [the plaintiff moved to ...
Dismissal
1 : removal from a position or service 2 a : the termination of an action or claim usually before the presentation of evidence by the defendant in·vol·un·tary dismissal 1 : the ...
Disorderly Conduct
: conduct that is likely to lead to a disturbance of the public peace or that offends public decency ;also : the petty offense of engaging in disorderly conduct compare breach of the peace NOTE: The ...
Disparagement
1 : the publication of false and injurious statements that are derogatory of another's property, business, or product called also business disparagement commercial disparagement disparagement of ...
Disparagement Of Property
1 : disparagement 2 : slander of title
Disparagement Of Title
:slander of title
Disparate Impact
: an unnecessary discriminatory effect on a protected class caused by a practice or policy that appears to be nondiscriminatory compare bona fide occupational qualification, disparate treatment
Disparate Treatment
: treatment of an individual (as an employee or prospective juror) that is less favorable than treatment of others for discriminatory reasons (as race, religion, national origin, sex, or disability) ...
Disposable Income
: income available for disposal: as a : the income remaining to an individual after deduction of taxes b : the income of a debtor in bankruptcy that is not necessary to support the debtor or the ...
Disposable Portion
in the civil law of Louisiana : the portion of a testate succession that may be donated to legatees other than the forced heir compare marital portion
Dispose Of
dis·posed of dis·pos·ing of 1 : to transfer to the control or ownership of another [disposed of the property by will] 2 : to deal with conclusively : determine finally [received ...
Disposition
1 a : the final determination of a matter (as a case or motion) by a court or quasi-judicial tribunal [the beneficiary of such a of charges against him "United States v. Smith, 354 A.2d 510 (1976)"] ...
Dispositive
1 : directed toward or effecting a disposition (as of a case) [an endless variety of …pretrial motions "Robert Shaw-Meadow"] 2 : relating to a disposition of property [ words in a will] 3 : ...
Dispossess
: to put out of possession or occupancy compare evict dis·pos·ses·sion [-ze-shən] n dis·pos·ses·sor [-ze-sər] n
Dispossessory Warrant
see warrant
Dispute
dis·put·ed dis·put·ing vi : to engage in a dispute [disputing with management over contract terms] vt : to engage in a dispute over [disputing the correct application of the ...
Disqualification
1 : something that disqualifies or incapacitates 2 : the act of disqualifying : state of being disqualified [ of a juror for bias]
Disqualify
-fied -fy·ing 1 : to deprive of the required qualities, properties, or conditions [a financial interest in the case that disqualified the judge] 2 : to deprive of a right or privilege esp. ...
Disseise
or dis·seize [dis-sēz] vt dis·seised or: dis·seized dis·seis·ing or: dis·seiz·ing [Anglo-French disseisir to dispossess, from Old French dessaisir, from ...
Disseisee
: one who is disseised
Disseisin
or dis·sei·zin [di-sēz-n] n [Anglo-French disseisine, from Old French dessaisine, from dessaisir to dispossess see disseise ] : the act of disseising : the state of being disseised
Disseize
var of disseise
Disseizin
var of disseisin
Dissent
1 : to withhold assent or approval [unfair squeezeout transactions—the kind to which public shareholders seem most likely to "R. C. Clark"] see also appraisal NOTE: A shareholder who dissents ...
Dissenting Opinion
see opinion
Dissipate
-pat·ed -pat·ing : to use (marital assets) for one's own benefit and to the exclusion of one's spouse for a purpose unrelated to the marriage at a time when the marriage is undergoing an ...
Dissolution
: the act or process of ending: as a : the termination of an organized body (as a court) b : the ending of a partnership relationship caused by the withdrawal of one of the partners from the ...
Dissolve
dis·solved dis·solv·ing : to bring about the dissolution of dis·solv·able adj
Dist. Ct.
District Court
Distinguish
: to identify or explain differences in or from [ed the cases on factual grounds]
Distrain
[Anglo-French destreindre, literally, to constrict, force, from Old French, from Late Latin distringere to hinder, punish, from Latin, to pull in different directions, distract, from dis- apart + ...
Distraint
: the act or action of distraining
Distress
[Anglo-French destrece, literally, tightness, anguish, deprivation, from Old French, ultimately from Late Latin districtus severe, from past participle of distringere to hinder, punish see distrain ] ...
Distress Warrant
see warrant
Distribute
-ut·ed -ut·ing 1 : to divide among several or many : apportion 2 : to give out or deliver esp. to members of a group see also dividend
Distributee
: one to whom something is or will be distributed ;esp : one sharing in or entitled to share in an estate
Distribution
1 : the act or process of distributing: as a : the apportionment by a court of the property and esp. personal property of an intestate among those entitled to it according to statute compare ...
District
: a territorial division (as of a nation, state, county, or city) for administrative, judicial, electoral, or other purposes: as a : an administrative unit esp. of a town or city established for the ...
District Attorney
: the prosecuting officer of a judicial district see also state's attorney
District Court
often cap D&C : a trial court having general or limited jurisdiction in a judicial district: as a : one of the federal trial courts sitting in a federal district b : a trial court within a ...
District Court Of Appeal
:any of the appellate courts in Florida
District Judge
: the judge of a district court
District Justice Court
: a court in Pennsylvania having limited jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal cases
Disturb
1 : to destroy the tranquillity or composure of 2 : to throw into disorder vi : to cause disturbance disturb the peace : to cause a disturbance
Disturbance
: an interruption of peace or order ;specif : an interruption of the quiet enjoyment of one's property
Diverse
: differing from one another ;specif : differing in citizenship from another party to an action [a defendant] see also diversity jurisdiction at jurisdiction compare nondiverse
Diversion
: the act or an instance of diverting: as a : an unauthorized rerouting or appropriation [ of funds] b : suspension of the prosecution of a charge for a period of time during which the defendant ...
Diversity
: diversity of citizenship
Diversity Jurisdiction
see jurisdiction
Diversity Of Citizenship
:a condition in which the parties to an action are of diverse state or national citizenship see also complete diversity diversity jurisdiction at jurisdiction, minimal diversity Article III of the ...
Diversity Visa Program
The Department of State has an annual lottery for immigration to the United States. Up to 55,000 immigrants can enter the United States each year from countries with low rates of immigration to the ...
Divert
1 : to turn from one course or use to another [funds illegally ed] 2 : to place (a defendant) under a diversion di·vert·er n
Divest
[Anglo-French devestir, literally, to undress, from Old French desvestir, from de(s)-, prefix marking reversal + vestir to dress, from Latin vestire] : to deprive or dispossess (oneself) of property ...
Divestiture
1 : the sale or transfer of title to a property (as an operating division) under court order (as in bankruptcy) 2 : the sale of an asset (as a business division) that is unprofitable, does not ...
Divided
1 a : separated into parts, classes, or portions [ coverage] [ custody] b in the civil law of Louisiana : separately owned, possessed, or held : no longer held in indivision [owner of a part or of ...
Dividend
1 : the part of corporate net earnings distributed usually periodically (as quarterly) to stockholders in the form of cash, additional shares, or property either as a set amount per share or a ...
Dividend Option
see option
Divisible
: capable of being divided esp. into independent parts (as promises or interests) [a contract] compare entire di·vis·i·bil·i·ty [də-vi-zə-bi-lə-tē] n
Divorce
[Middle French, from Latin divortium, from divortere divertere to leave one's marriage partner, from di- away, apart + vertere to turn] : the dissolution of a valid marriage granted esp. on specified ...
Dna Fingerprinting
: a method of identification esp. for evidentiary purposes by analyzing and comparing the DNA from tissue samples
Dnr
do not resuscitate
Do
did done do·ing does vt 1 : perform execute 2 : commit [did this act of cruelty] verbal auxiliary used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses in legal and ...
Doa
dead on arrival
Dock
[Dutch dialect docke dok pen, cage] : the place in a criminal court where a prisoner stands or sits during trial compare bar, bench, jury box, sidebar, stand
Docket
[earlier doggette docquet summary, abstract, of unknown origin] 1 a : a formal abridged record of the proceedings (as motions, orders, and judgments) in a legal action [the clerk shall keep a in each ...
Docket Number
: the number assigned to a particular case on a court's docket
Doctor Of Juridical Science
often cap D&J&S : doctor of the science of law
Doctor Of Jurisprudence
often cap D&J 1 : juris doctor 2 : doctor of the science of law
Doctor Of Law
often cap D&L : juris doctor
Doctor Of Laws
often cap D&L : an honorary law degree compare doctor of the science of law, juris doctor, master of laws
Doctor Of The Science Of Law
often cap D&S&L : a degree conferred for advanced study, research, and completion and approval of a dissertation in law compare doctor of laws, juris doctor, master of laws
Doctrine
: a principle established through judicial decisions compare law, precedent doc·tri·nal [-trə-nəl] adj
Document
1 : a writing (as a deed or lease) conveying information see also instrument 2 a : something (as a writing, photograph, or recording) that may be used as evidence b : an official paper (as a ...
Document Of Title
:a document (as a warehouse receipt) which is issued by or addressed to a bailee and which in the ordinary course of business is considered to show that the person in possession of it is entitled to ...
Document Recording
after closing on a loan, certain documents are filed and made public record. Discharges for the prior mortgage holder are filed first. Then the deed is filed with the new owner's and mortgage ...
Documentarily Qualified
Refers to an immigrant visa applicant who has: 1) returned Form DS 2001 (from the Instruction Package) to visa-issuing post (or in some cases, to the National Visa Center), OR 2) informed post in ...
Documentary
: being, consisting of, or contained in documents [ evidence]
Documentary Draft
see draft
Dod
Department of Defense see also the Important Agencies section
Doe
Department of Energy see also the Important Agencies section
Doi
Department of the Interior see also the Important Agencies section
Doing Business Statute
: a state long-arm statute that creates personal jurisdiction over companies establishing minimum contacts by doing business in that state
Dol
Department of Labor see also the Important Agencies section
Domestic
1 : of or relating to the household or family [a servant] [ relations] see also family court 2 : of, relating to, or originating within a country or state and esp. one's own country or state [the ...
Domestic Partnerships
Legal recognition of unmarried homosexual couples and heterosexual couples, offered by some state and local governments. Domestic partnerships offer some of the same benefits enjoyed by married ...
Domestic Violence
: violence committed by one family or household member against another see also restraining order at order
Domicile
[Latin domicilium dwelling place, home] 1 : the place where an individual has a fixed and permanent home for legal purposes called also legal residence 2 : the place where an organization (as a ...
Domiciliary
: of, relating to, or constituting a domicile [ jurisdiction]
Dominant Estate
see estate
Dominion
1 a : supreme authority : sovereignty b : a territory over which such authority is exercised c often cap : a self-governing nation (as Canada) of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom ...
Donate
do·nat·ed do·nat·ing vt : to transfer by a gift or donation vi : to make a donation compare give, sell
Donatio Inter Vivos
[Latin, literally, gift between living people] : donation inter vivos at donation
Donatio Mortis Causa
[Latin, literally, gift in contemplation of death] : donation mortis causa at donation
Donation
1 : the making of an esp. charitable gift 2 in the civil law of Louisiana : a voluntary transfer of ownership of property from one person to another compare sale dis·guised donation : a ...
Donation In Disguise
:disguised donation at donation
Donation Inter Vivos
see donation
Donation Mortis Causa
see donation
Donative
1 : having the character of a donation [a transfer] 2 : of or relating to donation [ intent] [ capacity]
Donee
: one that receives or is granted something (as a gift or power)
Donee Beneficiary
see beneficiary
Donor
: one that gives, donates, grants, or confers something ;specif : settlor
Dormant Partner
see partner
Dot
Department of Transportation see also the Important Agencies section
Dotal
[Latin dotalis, from dot- dos dowry] : of, relating to, or being separate property brought to a marriage by the wife
Double Dipper
: an individual who engages in double dipping
Double Dipping
: the usually illicit practice of accepting income from two mutually exclusive sources (as from a government pension and a government salary or from two insurers for the same loss)
Double Indemnity
: a provision in a life insurance or accident policy whereby the company agrees to pay twice the face of the contract in case of accidental death
Double Jeopardy
: the prosecution of a person for an offense for which he or she has already been prosecuted — see also jeopardy, Amendment V to the Constitution in the back matter compare merger NOTE: The ...
Double Taxation
: taxation by the same authority of the same property for the same period and the same purpose
Dower
[Anglo-French, from Old French douaire, modification of Medieval Latin dotarium, from Latin dot- dos gift, dowry] : the life estate in a man's real property to which his wife is entitled upon his ...
Down Payment
the portion of a home's purchase price that is paid in cash and is not part of the mortgage loan. This amount varies based on the loan type, but is determined by taking the difference of the sale ...
Dr
disciplinary rule
Draft
1 : a preliminary version of something (as a law) 2 a : a system for or act of selecting individuals from a group (as for military service) b : the act or process of selecting an individual (as for ...
Draftsman
: a person who prepares or composes legal or legislative documents drafts·man·ship n
Dram Shop Act
: a law imposing civil liability on the owner of an establishment that sells alcoholic beverages to an intoxicated person who causes injury to another as a result of the intoxication called also ...
Draw
drew drawn draw·ing vt 1 : to compose by random selection [ a jury] 2 : to take (money) from a place of deposit 3 : to write and sign (a draft) in due form for use in making a demand [ a ...
Drawee
: the party (as a bank) on which a draft is drawn compare drawer, payee
Drawer
: the party that draws a draft compare drawee, payee
Drive-Other-Car Endorsement (Doc)
Sometimes referred to only as an "other-car endorsement," this addition to the policy allows coverage to be added that will protect individuals named in the endorsement when they are driving cars not ...
Driving Under The Influence
:the offense of operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated by drugs or esp. alcohol called also driving while intoxicated drunk driving drunken driving NOTE: Most states specify by statute a level ...
Drug-Free Zone
: a statutorily designated area or place (as a public park or beach or a school bus) within which the distribution of or possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance is an aggravated ...
Dry Trust
see trust
Dual Capacity Doctrine
: a doctrine that provides an exception to the exclusive remedy of workers' compensation by allowing an employee to sue his or her employer when the injury caused by the employer to the employee is ...
Dual Contract
see contract
Dual Sovereignty Doctrine
: a doctrine holding that more than one sovereign (as a state government and the federal government) may prosecute an individual without violating the prohibition against double jeopardy if the ...
Dubitante
[Latin, ablative singular masculine of dubitans, present participle of dubitare to doubt] : having doubts used of a judge who expresses doubt about but does not dissent from a decision reached by a ...
Due
[Old French deu, past participle of devoir to owe, from Latin debere] 1 a : satisfying or capable of satisfying an obligation, duty, or requirement under the law [the buyer's performance under the ...
Due Bill
see bill
Due Care
: the care that an ordinarily reasonable and prudent person would use under the same or similar circumstances called also ordinary care reasonable care see also due diligence compare fault, ...
Due Diligence
1 : such diligence as a reasonable person under the same circumstances would use : use of reasonable but not necessarily exhaustive efforts called also reasonable diligence NOTE: Due diligence is ...
Due On Sale Clause
a provision of a loan allowing the lender to demand full repayment of the loan if the property is sold.
Due Process
1 : a course of formal proceedings (as judicial proceedings) carried out regularly, fairly, and in accordance with established rules and principles called also procedural due process 2 : a ...
Due Process Clause
: a clause in a constitution prohibiting the government from depriving a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law ;specif often cap D&P&C : such a clause found in the ...
Due Process Of Law
:due process
Dui
driving under the influence
Duly
: in a due manner or time [failed to deliver]
Dump
: to sell in quantity at a very low price ;specif : to sell abroad at less than the market price at home
Duplicate
-cat·ed -cat·ing : to make a duplicate of du·pli·ca·tive [-kā-tiv] adj
Duplication
: the act, process, or result of duplicating
Duplicitous
: marked by duplicity [a indictment]
Duplicity
pl: -ties [Late Latin duplicitat- duplicitas duality, double-dealing, from Latin duplex twofold] 1 : the use of deceptive words or actions 2 : the use of more than one claim, allegation, or defense ...
Durable Goods
see good
Durable Power Of Attorney
see power of attorney
Durables
: consumer goods (as vehicles or appliances) that are typically used repeatedly over a period of years called also durable goods
Durante Absentia
[New Latin] : during absence
Duration
the number of years it will take to receive the present value of all future payments on a security to include both principal and interest.
Duration Of Status
In certain visa categories such as diplomats, students and exchange visitors, the alien may be admitted into the U.S. for as long as the person is still doing the activity for which the visa was ...
Duress
[Anglo-French duresce, literally, hardness, harshness, from Old French, from Latin duritia, from durus hard] : wrongful and usually unlawful compulsion (as threats of physical violence) that induces ...
Duress Of Goods
:a wrongful threat to detain or the actual detaining of another party's property that leaves the party no alternative but to agree to a transaction
Durham Rule
[from Durham v. United States, 214 F.2d 862 (1954), a case heard by the District of Columbia Court of Appeals that established the rule] : a rule of criminal law used in some states that holds that ...
Dutiable
: subject to a duty [purchased items while overseas]
Duty
pl: du·ties [Anglo-French deuté indebtedness, obligation, from deu owing, due, from Old French see due ] 1 : tasks, service, or functions that arise from one's position [performing a police ...
Duty Of Candor
see duty
Duty Of Care
see duty
Duty Of Loyalty
see duty
Dv
See Diversity Visa.
Dwelling
: a structure where a person lives and esp. sleeps called also dwelling house see also burglary NOTE: Courts disagree as to how permanent or consistent the habitation of a structure must be in order ...
Dwi
driving while intoxicated
Dying Declaration
see declaration
Dynamic Ip Address
A dynamic IP addres is one that is temporarily assigned from a pool of IP addresses. The dynamic IP address was created as a remedy to the problem of there being only a finite number of static IP ...
Dynamite Charge
[probably from the notion of exploding the metaphorical blockage impeding a decision by a deadlocked jury] : allen charge
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