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FindLaw Legal Dictionary

The FindLaw Legal Dictionary -- free access to over 8260 definitions of legal terms. Search for a definition or browse our legal glossaries.


: treasury note at note
The T1 carrier is a commonly used digital Internet connection line in the US, Canada, and Japan.
1 : implied (as by an act or by silence) rather than express [a admission] 2 in the civil law of Louisiana : arising by operation of law [a mortgage] tac·it·ly adv
: to combine (a use, possession, or period of time) with that of another esp. in order to satisfy the statutory time period for acquiring title to or a prescriptive easement in the property of a ...
[Anglo-French, literally, cutting, from Old French, from taillier to cut, prune] 1 : the condition of being limited or restricted by entailing [a tenant in ] 2 : entail
: to damage or destroy the validity of [evidence ed by an illegal search] taint n
Taint Hearing
see hearing
took tak·en tak·ing vt 1 a : to obtain control, custody, or possession of often by assertive or intentional means b : to seize or interfere with the use of (property) by governmental ...
Take Up
1 : to pay the amount of (as a note) : pay in full for 2 : to proceed to deal with [take up a motion]
: the acquisition of control or possession (as of a corporation) [a hostile ]
: one that takes: as a : one that takes property by will or descent [a residuary ] b : one to whom a negotiable instrument is transferred
1 : a seizure of private property or a substantial deprivation of the right to its free use or enjoyment that is caused by government action and esp. by the exercise of eminent domain and for which ...
often attrib [from the Medieval Latin phrase tales de circumstantibus such (persons) of the bystanders; from the use of the phrase in the writ summoning them] : persons added to a jury from among ...
pl: tales·men [-mən] : a person summoned as one of the tales added to a jury
1 : to bring improper influence to bear (as by bribery or intimidation) used with with [ed with the jurors] 2 : to alter or interfere in an unauthorized or improper manner used with with [ed with ...
: capable of being perceived esp. by the sense of touch
Tangible Asset
see asset
Tangible Property
see property
Tape Backup
In industry terms, tape backup is a process of copying electronic data from a storage device, such as a computer's hard drive, to a tape cartridge device. This security measure ensures that the data ...
: the object to be affected or achieved by an action or development ;specif : a company that is the object of a takeover
Target Offense
: an offense (as murder) that is the object of a conspiracy
[Italian tariffa, from Arabic tarīf notification] 1 a : a schedule of duties imposed by a government on imported or in some countries exported goods b : a duty or rate of duty imposed in such a ...
[Medieval Latin taxare to assess for taxation, tax, from Latin, to assess, value, fix] 1 : to assess or determine judicially the amount of (costs of an action in court) 2 : to levy a tax on [ the ...
Tax Base
1 : a sum (as the total assessed valuation of property in a county) used as the basis of taxation 2 : the source of tax revenue for a governmental body [change the tax base of a school district to ...
Tax Benefit Rule
: a tax rule requiring that if an amount (as of a loss) used as a deduction in a prior taxable year is recovered in a later year it must be included in the gross income for the later year to the ...
Tax Certificate
: a certificate issued to the purchaser of property at a tax sale that certifies the sale and entitles the purchaser to a tax deed upon expiration of the period for right of redemption if all taxes ...
Tax Court
often cap T&C : a court having jurisdiction over questions of law and fact arising under the tax laws of a government ;specif : the federal court hearing tax cases
Tax Credit
: an amount that may be subtracted from the sum of tax otherwise due and that is distinguished from a deduction applied to gross income in the calculation of taxable income compare exemption
Tax Deed
see deed
Tax Evasion
: a willful and esp. criminal attempt to evade the imposition or payment of a tax [convicted of tax evasion]
Tax Fraud
Federal offense of willfully attempting to evade or defeat the payment of taxes due and owing.
Tax Lien
see lien
Tax Preference Item
: an item (as an amount of depreciation) favorable to a taxpayer in the ordinary computation of tax liability that is taxed in the computation of alternative minimum tax
Tax Return
: return
Tax Roll
: a record of the properties in a taxing district that includes the taxes due and paid on each property and is sometimes combined with a record of assessed values
Tax Sale
see sale
Tax Sale Certificate
: tax certificate
Tax Shelter
: an entity (as a partnership) or investment plan or arrangement whose principal purpose is the avoidance or evasion of income tax ;also : an interest offered or purchased on the premise that it ...
Tax Stamp
: a stamp affixed to an item as evidence that a tax on it has been paid ;esp : one that the dealer of a controlled substance is required to purchase by payment of a tax according to a state law [an ...
Tax Title
see title
Tax Write-Off
: a tax deduction of an amount of depreciation, expense, or loss [cancelled the debt and took a tax write-off on the loss]
Tax Year
: taxable year
: not taxable until a future date or event (as withdrawal or retirement)
1 : exempted from taxation ;also : based on such exemption [ status] 2 : providing interest or income that is exempted from taxation [a municipal bond]
: tax-exempt
1 : subject to being taxed : making one liable to taxation [a amount] [a event] 2 : that may be properly charged by the court against the plaintiff or defendant in a suit [ costs] 3 : used as the ...
Taxable Distribution
: a generation-skipping transfer of property held in trust that is subject to a generation-skipping transfer tax payable by a skip person when he or she receives a distribution of income or principal ...
Taxable Estate
see estate
Taxable Income
: income that is subject to taxation and is characterized by the accrual of some gain or benefit to the taxpayer ;specif : the total amount of income remaining as the basis of taxation for a given ...
Taxable Termination
: a generation-skipping transfer of property held in trust that is subject to a generation-skipping transfer tax payable by the trustee when an interest in the property terminates (as at the death of ...
Taxable Year
: a period of time used as the basis of tax computation that is usually the annual accounting period of a calendar year or fiscal year called also tax year
1 : the action of taxing: as a : the imposition of taxes b : the judicial determination of costs 2 a : revenue obtained from taxes b : the amount assessed as a tax 3 : a particular system of ...
Taxing Power
see power
: a person (as an individual or corporation) that pays or is liable for a tax tax·pay·ing adj
Acronym for Transmission Control Protocol. TCP is the protocol used in conjunction with Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit information over the Internet in the form of units.
Working from home or another location remote from the office, using technology such as telephones and computers
Teledactyl refers to voice recognition software that produces text from human speech.
Temporary Alimony
see alimony
Temporary Custody
see custody
Temporary Partial Disability (Tpd)
TPD benefits are payable when an injured employee is able to work despite their injury. The benefits are available only for a limited period of time, in recognition of the fact that the employee will ...
Temporary Protected Status (Tps)
Establishes a legislative basis for allowing a group of persons temporary refuge in the United States. Under a provision of the Immigration Act of 1990, the Attorney General may designate nationals of ...
Temporary Resident
See Nonimmigrant.
Temporary Total Disability (Ttd)
TTD benefits are available to employees whose injuries leave them totally unable to work for a period of time. The benefits are no longer payable when the "temporary" disability clears and the ...
Temporary Worker
A foreign worker who will work in the United States for a limited period of time. Some visas classes for temporary workers are H, L, O, P, Q and R. If you are seeking to come to the U.S. for ...
pl: -cies 1 : the holding of or a mode of holding an estate in property: a : a form of ownership of property : tenure b : the temporary possession or occupancy of property that belongs to another ...
Tenancy At Sufferance
see tenancy
Tenancy At Will
see tenancy
Tenancy For Years
see tenancy
Tenancy In Common
see tenancy
[Anglo-French, from Old French, from present participle of tenir to hold, from Latin tenēre] : one who holds or possesses property by any kind of right : one who holds a tenancy in property ...
Tenant By The Entirety
:any of the parties holding a piece of property as a tenancy by the entirety
Tenant In Common
:any of the parties holding a piece of property as a tenancy in common
Tenants By The Entirety
A joint tenancy between husband and wife. At the death of one spouse, the property passes to the other spouse.
Tenants In Common
A tenancy by two or more persons, in divided shares. At the death of one tenant, the property passes to his/her estate.
1 a : an act or instance of tendering b : an unconditional offer of payment or performance (as in discharge of an obligation) that is coupled with a manifestation of willingness and ability to ...
Tender Of Delivery
:an offer of goods by a seller to a buyer that consists of putting or holding them at the disposition of the buyer and giving the buyer any notification reasonably necessary for taking delivery [a ...
Tender Offer
: a public offer to purchase a specified number or range of shares from shareholders usually at a premium and in an attempt to gain control of the issuing company
Tender Years Exception
: an exception to the hearsay rule in some jurisdictions that allows the use of an out-of-court statement by a young child in an abuse or neglect case if the time, content, and circumstances of the ...
[Anglo-French, from Old French, from Medieval Latin tenementum, from Latin tenēre to hold] 1 a : any of various forms of property (as land) that is held by one person from another b : an estate ...
Tentative Minimum Tax
: a tax that to the extent it exceeds regular tax liability is the alternative minimum tax liability and that is determined by adjusting taxable income by adding tax preference items under Internal ...
Tentative Trust
see trust
[Anglo-French, feudal holding, from Old French teneüre, from Medieval Latin tenitura, ultimately from Latin tenēre to hold] 1 : the act, manner, duration, or right of holding something [ of ...
often attrib 1 : a specified period of time [the policy ] 2 : the whole period for which an estate is granted ;also : the estate itself 3 a : the period in which the powers of a court may be ...
Term Insurance
: insurance in effect for a set term ;specif : term life insurance at life insurance
Term Life Insurance
see life insurance
Term Loan
see loan
Term Of Art
:a word having a particular meaning in a field (as the law) called also word of art
: capable of being terminated see also qualified terminable interest property at property terminable interest at interest
Terminable Interest
see interest
-nat·ed -nat·ing vi : to come to an end in time or effect vt 1 : to bring to a definite end esp. before a natural conclusion [ a contract] compare cancel, rescind 2 : to discontinue the ...
Termination Of A Case
If the applicant fails to reply to the inquiry correspondence sent by their embassy or consulate, termination of their visa application will begin. The embassy or consulate will first send a Follow-up ...
The period of time and the interest rate agreed upon by the lender and the borrower to repay a loan.
Terre Tenant
[Anglo-French terre tenaunt freeholder, from Old French terre land + tenant holding, from present participle of tenir to hold] : one in actual possession of land ;specif : one who purchases land ...
Territorial Jurisdiction
: jurisdiction
Territorial Waters
: the waters under the sovereign jurisdiction of a nation or state including both marginal sea and inland waters
1 : territorial status 2 : the jurisdiction of a sovereign state over matters within the limits of its territory esp. as exercisable apart from the minimum contacts standard for personal ...
pl: -ries 1 : a geographical area belonging to or under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority 2 : a political subdivision of a country 3 : a part of the U.S. (as Guam or the U.S. Virgin ...
: an intense fear of physical injury or death [inflict by forced entry or unlawful assembly] ;also : the infliction of such fear [an act of ]
1 : the unlawful use or threat of violence esp. against the state or the public as a politically motivated means of attack or coercion 2 : violent and intimidating gang activity [street ] ...
-ized -iz·ing : to inflict terror upon ter·ror·i·za·tion [ter-ər-ə-zā-shən] n
Terry Stop
[from Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968), case in which the right of police to stop and question a suspect was first discussed] : a stop and limited search of a person for weapons justified by a police ...
Test Action
: test case at case
Test Case
see case
pl: -cies : the state of being testate esp. as determined in probate of a will [a rule favoring over intestacy in the interpretation of wills] [partial ]
[Latin testamentum, from testari to call as a witness, make a will, from testis witness] 1 : an act by which a person determines the disposition of his or her property after death [a of property] 2 ...
Testamentary Capacity
: the capacity in executing a will to understand the nature and extent of one's property and how one is disposing of it and to recognize the natural objects of one's bounty
Testamentary Guardian
see guardian
Testamentary Power Of Appointment
see power of appointment
Testamentary Trust
see trust
[Latin testatus, past participle of testari to make a will] 1 : having made a valid will [died ] 2 : disposed of or governed by a will [ property] [a estate]
Testate Succession
see succession
: the act or power of disposing of property by testament or will [freedom of ]
: a person who dies leaving a will
pl: -tri·ces [te-stā-trə-sēz, tes-tə-trī-sēz] : a female testator
[Medieval Latin teste meipso (or seipso) by my (or his) own witness] 1 : the witnessing or concluding clause of an instrument (as a writ) 2 : witness used esp. formerly to indicate that what ...
-fied -fy·ing [Latin testificari, from testis witness] vi : to make a solemn declaration under oath or affirmation for the purpose of establishing a fact : give testimony vt : to declare in ...
Testimonial Evidence
see evidence
Testimonium Clause
[Latin testimonium testimony] : the authenticating clause of an instrument (as a deed) that typically begins “In witness whereof” and furnishes such information as when it was signed and ...
pl: -nies [Latin testimonium, from testis witness] : evidence furnished by a witness under oath or affirmation and either orally or in an affidavit or deposition former testimony : testimony that a ...
[Old English thiefth] : larceny ;broadly : a criminal taking of the property or services of another without consent NOTE: Theft commonly encompasses by statute a variety of forms of stealing ...
Thibodeaux Abstention
see abstention
pl: thieves [Old English thēof] : one who commits theft
Third Country National
Someone who is not an American and not a citizen of the country in which you are applying for a visa. Suppose you are a Kenyan visiting Mexico. If you apply for a visa to visit the United States while ...
Third Degree
: the grade given to the third most serious forms of crimes third-degree adj
Third Party
see party
Third Party Origination
a process by which a lender uses another party to completely or partially originate, process, underwrite, close, fund, or package the mortgages it plans to deliver to the secondary mortgage market.
Third Possessor
in the civil law of Louisiana : one who acquires mortgaged property and is not personally bound for the obligation secured by the mortgage
Third Preference
A category of family immigration (F3) for married sons and daughters of American citizens and their spouses and children. Before 1992 this was known as Fourth Preference (P-4).
Third-Degree Murder
see murder
Third-Party Beneficiary
see beneficiary
Third-Party Claim
1 : a claim made against a third party in a third-party complaint compare counterclaim, cross-action, cross-claim 2 : a claim made by an injured third party (as a third-party beneficiary of workers' ...
Third-Party Complaint
: a complaint filed against a third party by a defendant or plaintiff alleging that the third party is liable for all or part of a claim or counterclaim in dispute between the original parties
Third-Party Defendant
: a third party who is the object of a third-party complaint
Third-Party Plaintiff
: a defendant who files a third-party complaint against a third party
Third-Party Practice
: impleader
Third-Party Recordkeeper
: a party (as an accountant or bank) summoned to produce records pertaining to a tax investigation of another party NOTE: The original party is entitled to receive notice of and to challenge the ...
Third-Party Standing
: standing sometimes granted to a party claiming to protect the rights or interests of a third party compare batson challenge NOTE: Third-party standing is granted esp. when a statute is challenged ...
: an expression of an intention to injure another : menace [criminal laws against making terroristic s]
: a point of beginning : a minimum requirement for further action ;specif : a determination (as of fact or the existence of a reasonable doubt) upon which something else (as further consideration ...
: an institution that promotes saving and provides mortgages ;esp : savings and loan association called also thrift institution
Time Deposit
see deposit
Time Draft
see draft
Time Note
see note
Time Policy
: a marine insurance policy covering property for a specified period
Time, Place, Or Manner Restriction
: a restriction on the time, place, or manner of expression that is justified when it is neutral as to content and serves a significant government interest and leaves open ample alternative channels ...
: barred by the passage of time under a statute of limitations, statute of repose, or procedural rule [petition for post-conviction relief was ]
: falling within a prescribed or reasonable time [ notice] time·li·ness n timely adv
often attrib : an agreement or arrangement in which parties share the ownership of or right to use property (as a resort condominium) and that provides for occupation by each party esp. for periods ...
1 : information provided to the police or authorities regarding crime 2 : a piece of inside information esp. of advantage in securities trading
: one who receives a tip esp. in insider trading
: one who provides a tip to the police
[Anglo-French, inscription, legal right, from Old French, from Latin titulum inscription, chapter heading, part of the law that sanctions an action] 1 a : the means or right by which one owns or ...
Title 1
an FHA-insured loan that allows a borrower to make non-luxury improvements (like renovations or repairs) to their home; Title I loans less than $7,500 don't require a property lien.
Title Company
a company that specializes in examining and insuring titles to real estate.
Title Defect
an outstanding claim on a property that limits the ability to sell the property. Also referred to as a cloud on the title.
Title Insurance
: insurance that compensates for loss from title defects or encumbrances (as liens) that were unknown but should have been discovered at the time the policy was issued
Title Ix
Short for Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
Title Search
: a search of public records to determine the condition of title to real property usually that is the subject of a transaction (as a purchase or mortgage) [the borrower was required to pay for a ...
Title Vii
Part of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 that prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of age, color, national origin, race, religion, or sex
[Old English, tax or fee paid for a liberty or privilege, ultimately from Late Latin telonium custom house, from Greek tolōnion, from telōnēs collector of tolls, from telos tax, toll] ...
past of take
Torrens System
[after Sir Robert Torrens (1814-1884), British pioneer in Australia] : a title registration system used esp. in Massachusetts, Hawaii, Illinois, and Minnesota NOTE: When a certificate of title is ...
[Anglo-French, wrongful or illegal act, from Old French, injury, from Medieval Latin tortum, from Latin, neuter of tortus twisted, from past participle of torquēre to twist] : a wrongful act ...
Tort Reform
: change or alteration of laws imposing civil liability for torts esp. to limit liability for punitive damages
[Anglo-French tortfesor wrongdoer, from tort wrong + fesor faisour doer, maker, from Old French, from fais-, stem of faire to do, make, from Latin facere] : a person who commits a tort, delict, or ...
: constituting a tort : recognized as a tort [a act] [ interference with contract] tor·tious·ly adv
Total Breach
see breach
Total Disability
: a degree of disability considered sufficient (as according to statute or in an insurance policy) to make one unable to engage in gainful work
Total Incorporation
: a doctrine in constitutional law: the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause embraces all the guarantees in the Bill of Rights and applies them to cases under state law compare selective ...
Total Loss
see loss
Totten Trust
see trust
Town Clerk
: a public officer charged with recording the official proceedings and vital statistics of a town
Town Counsel
: city attorney
Toxic Tort
: a tort in which there is personal injury or property damage due to exposure to toxic substances
1 a : the business or work in which one engages regularly b : an occupation requiring manual or mechanical skill c : the persons engaged in an occupation 2 : the business of buying and selling or ...
Trade Acceptance
: a time draft or bill of exchange for the amount of a specific purchase drawn by the seller on the buyer, bearing the buyer's acceptance, and often noting the place of payment (as a bank)
Trade Dress
: the overall image of a product used in its marketing or sales that is composed of the nonfunctional elements of its design, packaging, or labeling (as colors, package shape, or symbols) NOTE: Trade ...
Trade Libel
: disparagement
Trade Name
: a name or mark that is used by a person (as an individual proprietor or a corporation) to identify that person's business or vocation and that may also be used as a trademark or service mark NOTE: ...
Trade Secret
: a formula, process, device, or item of information used by a business that has economic value because it is not generally known or easily discovered by observation or examination and for which ...
Trade Union
: labor union
Trade Usage
: usage of trade
: a mark that is used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify the origin or ownership of goods and to distinguish them from others and the use of which is protected by law see also dilution, ...
Trademark Act
Trademark Act of 1946 (currently contained in Chapter 22 of Title 15 of the United States Code); the major body of U.S. law that governs federal registration of trademarks.
Trademark Trial And Appeal Board
An administrative tribunal at the USPTO. It has jurisdiction over appeals from decisions of the Trademark Office, as well as opposition proceedings and cancellation proceedings.
Trading Partnership
see partnership
[French, legal transfer] in the civil law of Louisiana : transfer or acquisition of property esp. by delivery with intent of both parties to transfer the title [delivery of the act of transfer or use ...
often attrib 1 a : import and export trade b : the business of bartering or buying and selling c : illegal or disreputable usually commercial activity [the drug ] 2 a : the movement (as of ...
Traffic Court
: a local court having limited jurisdiction over violation of statutes, ordinances, and regulations governing the use of roads and motor vehicles
[French, literally, slice, from Old French, from trenchier trancher to cut] : a division or portion of a pool or whole: as a : an issue of bonds derived from a pooling of like obligations that is ...
1 : to carry on business 2 in the civil law of Louisiana : to settle a dispute by a transaction vt 1 : to carry to completion [ a sale] 2 : to carry on the operation or management of [ business]
1 : something transacted ;esp : an exchange or transfer of goods, services, or funds 2 a : an act, process, or instance of transacting b : an action or activity involving two parties or things ...
Transactional Immunity
see immunity
a written, word-for-word record of what was said either in a proceeding, such as a trial, or during some other exchange, such as a telephone conversation.
trans·ferred trans·fer·ring : to cause a transfer of trans·fer·abil·i·ty [trans-fər-ə-bi-lə-tē, trans-fər-] n trans·fer·able ...
Transfer Agent
see agent
Transfer Of Ownership
any means by which ownership of a property changes hands. These include purchase of a property, assumption of mortgage debt, exchange of possession of a property via a land sales contract or any other ...
Transfer Tax
: a tax (as a gift tax or estate tax) imposed on the transfer of property
Transfer Taxes
State and local taxes charged for the transfer of real estate. Usually equal to a percentage of the sales price.
: a person to whom something is transferred or conveyed
: an act, process, or instance of transferring
Transferred Intent
see intent
1 : to go beyond limits set or prescribed by : violate 2 : to pass beyond or go over (a limit or boundary) vi 1 : to violate a law 2 : to go beyond a boundary or limit
Transit Alien
An alien in immediate and continuous transit through the United States, with or without a visa, including, 1) aliens who qualify as persons entitled to pass in transit to and from the United Nations ...
Transit Without Visa (Twov)
A transit alien traveling without a nonimmigrant visa. An alien admitted under agreements with a transportation line, which guarantees his immediate and continuous passage to a foreign destination. ...
Transitory Action
: an action that may be brought in any venue where there is personal jurisdiction over the defendant compare local action
: constituting a transfer or conveyance [an act of ownership]
: an act, process, or instance of transmitting
trans·mit·ted trans·mit·ting 1 : to send or convey from one person or place to another 2 : to transfer esp. by inheritance trans·mit·ta·ble ...
1 : a doctrine in property law which allows the conversion of a separate property interest into marital or community property by agreement between spouses or by contribution of marital or community ...
trans·muted trans·mut·ing : to convert or transform the type of ownership of (property) by transmutation [did not the properties themselves into marital assets "In re Siddens, 588 ...
: a denial of a matter of fact alleged in the opposing party's pleadings ;also : a pleading in which such a denial is made
[Anglo-French treison crime of violence against a person to whom allegiance is owed, literally, betrayal, from Old French traïson, from traïr to betray, from Latin tradere to hand over, ...
: personal property that is hidden in something else for an extended period and whose owner cannot be determined
Treasure Trove
: treasure that anyone finds ;specif : gold or silver in the form of money, plate, or bullion that is found hidden and whose ownership is not known NOTE: State law determines who is entitled to a ...
: an officer entrusted with the receipt, care, and disbursement of funds: as a : a governmental officer charged with keeping, receiving, and disbursing public revenues b : the executive financial ...
pl: -sur·ies 1 a : a place in which stores of wealth are kept b : the place of deposit and disbursement of collected funds ;esp : one where public revenues are deposited, kept, and disbursed ...
Treasury Bill
see bill
Treasury Bond
see bond
Treasury Index
can be used as the basis for adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs) It is based on the results of auctions that the U.S. Treasury holds for its Treasury bills and securities.
Treasury Note
see note
Treasury Security
see security
Treasury Share
: a share of Treasury stock
Treasury Stock
see stock
pl: treaties [Anglo-French treté, from Middle French traité, from Medieval Latin tractatus, from Latin, handling, treatment, from tractare to treat, handle] 1 : the action of treating and ...
Treaty Reinsurance
: reinsurance under a general agreement that automatically reinsures in accordance with its terms all risks of a given class to a predetermined extent as soon as they are insured by the direct ...
Treaty Trader Or Investor
As a nonimmigrant class of admission, an alien coming to the United States, under the provisions of a treaty of commerce and navigation between the United States and the foreign state of such alien, ...
Treble Damages
see damage
[Anglo-French trespas violation of the law, actionable wrong, from Old French, crossing, passage, from trespasser to go across, from tres across + passer to pass] : wrongful conduct causing harm to ...
Trespass Ab Initio
see trespass
Trespass On The Case
see trespass
Trespass To Try Title
see trespass
Trespass Vi Et Armis
see trespass
: one who trespasses ;esp : one who enters or remains on the real property of another wrongfully or without the owner's or possessor's authority or consent compare invitee, licensee NOTE: The ...
: constituting a trespass [a taking of property]
: liable or subject to judicial or quasi-judicial examination or trial
[Anglo-French, from trier to try] : a judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties compare hearing, inquest at trial : ...
Trial Brief
Document prepared for and used by attorney at trial which contains, among other things, issues to be tried, synopsis of evidence and witnesses to be presented, and case and statutory authority for ...
Trial By Jury
:jury trial
Trial Court
: the court before which issues of fact and law are tried and first determined as distinguished from an appellate court
Trial De Novo
: a trial in a higher court in which all the issues of fact or law tried in a lower court or tribunal are reconsidered as if no previous trial had taken place compare mistrial
Trial Judge Advocate
: a judge advocate detailed to act as a prosecutor of an accused before a court-martial
Trial Jury
: a jury impaneled to try a case : petit jury
Trial Lawyer
: a lawyer who engages chiefly in trying esp. plaintiff's cases before courts of original jurisdiction
Tribal Court
: a court administered through self-government of an American Indian tribe esp. on a reservation and having federally prescribed jurisdiction over custody and adoption cases involving tribal ...
[Latin, platform for magistrates, from tribunus tribune, from tribus tribe] 1 : the seat of a judge or one acting as a judge 2 : a court or forum of justice : a person or body of persons having to ...
: trier of fact
Trier Of Fact
:the judge in a bench trial or jury in a jury trial that carries the responsibility of determining the issues of fact in a case called also factfinder finder of fact trier
temporary restraining order
Trojan Horse
A Trojan Horse is a seemingly-innocent program that contains and conceals harmful code. When a Trojan Horse is opened, the malicious code performs its damage on the unsuspecting computer.
[short for action of trover and conversion; Anglo-French trover act of finding (alluding to goods lost by the plaintiff and found by the defendant), from trover to find, from Old French] : an action ...
True Bill
see bill
True Lease
see lease
True Threat
: a threat that a reasonable person would interpret as a real and serious communication of an intent to inflict harm NOTE: True threats are not protected as free speech by the First Amendment to the ...
True Value
1 : fair market value called also true cash value 2 : the depreciated book value of personal property for purposes of taxation of such property used in business
1 a : a fiduciary relationship in which one party holds legal title to another's property for the benefit of a party who holds equitable title to the property b : an entity resulting from the ...
Trust Account
: an account opened with a trust company (as a bank) under which an inter vivos or testamentary trust is set up (as for the escrow of funds)
Trust Agreement
: an agreement establishing and setting forth the material terms of a trust
Trust Company
see company
Trust De Son Tort
see trust
Trust Deed
see deed
Trust Ex Delicto
see trust
Trust Ex Maleficio
see trust
Trust Fund
see fund
Trust Fund Doctrine
: a doctrine holding that shareholders to whom assets of an insolvent corporation have been transferred are liable to creditors upon dissolution of the corporation ;broadly : a doctrine holding that ...
Trust Indenture
: a document under which a trust (as one created by the issuer of bonds in accordance with the Trust Indenture Act of 1939) is conducted
Trust Instrument
: a document (as a formal declaration of trust or trust agreement) embodying the creation and provision of a trust
Trust Receipt
: a trust agreement between a lender and a borrower by which the lender gives up possession of goods without abandoning title and the borrower agrees to hold the goods in trust for the lender and if ...
Trust Territory
: a non-self-governing territory placed under an administrative authority by the United Nations
: one and esp. a federal officer who seeks to break up trusts by prosecution under the antitrust laws trust-bust·ing [-ti] n
1 : one to whom something is entrusted : one trusted to keep or administer something: as a : a member of a board entrusted with administering the funds and directing the policy of an institution or ...
Trustee In Bankruptcy
:an officer of the court in whom ownership of a debtor's property is vested for the benefit of the creditors and who administers the property for the purpose of making payments to the creditors ...
Trustee Process
: the process of attachment by garnishment used esp. in the northeastern U.S.
: managed or administered by a trustee
: settlor
: worthy of confidence ;specif : being or deriving from a source worthy of belief or consideration for evidentiary purposes [a informant] trust·wor·thi·ness n
pl: trust·ies : a convict considered trustworthy and allowed special privileges
a federal law obligating a lender to give full written disclosure of all fees, terms, and conditions associated with the loan initial period and then adjusts to another rate that lasts for the term of ...
Truth-In-Lending Act
A federal act assuring that every individual who has need for consumer credit is given full disclosure of the terms and cost of the credit. (15 U.S.C. Sec. 1601)
tried try·ing [Anglo-French trier to choose, sort, ascertain, examine judicially, from Old French, to choose, sort] 1 : to examine or investigate judicially [no fact tried by a jury, shall be ...
Tuition Reimbursement
An employee benefit in which the employer pays all or part of the employee's tuition for coursework or training
: to have a specified decisive factor used with on [the first of the cases…ed on first amendment issues "K. A. Cohen"]
A software or hardware product or service that is complete and ready to operate out of the box is said to be Turnkey. Like the ignition of an automobile, the user need only turn a key to start using ...
Turnover Order
see order
Turpis Causa
[Latin, immoral reason] : a cause or consideration that is base or immoral and therefore not sufficient to support a contractual obligation
: inherent baseness or depravity ;also : a base act
in the civil law of Louisiana : a guardian of a minor or sometimes of a person with mental retardation compare committee, conservator, curator tu·tor·ship n
pl: tu·tri·ces [tü-trī-sēz, tyü-; tü-trə-sēz, tyü-] or: tu·trix·es [-trik-səz] : a female tutor
Twelve-Mile Limit
: a limit of a nation's territorial waters extending twelve miles from shore
: the making of a misrepresentation by an insurance agent to cause a policyholder to surrender or lapse an insurance policy esp. for the purpose of replacing it with another policy
Two Issue Rule
: a rule of procedure: a general verdict that is returned in a case having more than one theory of liability and that is supported by at least one issue will stand regardless of error as to other ...
Two Step Mortgage
an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) that has one interest rate for the first five to seven years of its term and a different interest rate for the remainder of the term.
Two Witness Rule
: a rule requiring the testimony of at least two witnesses in order to convict for perjury
: of, relating to, or being an arrangement or agreement in which a seller will sell a product to a buyer only if the buyer will also buy another product ;also : of or being the product that will not ...
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